Joseph Pulitzer spoke of “fake news” over 100 years ago and fought the dangers that the suppression of news had for a democracy long before our present threats to press freedom.
Joseph Pulitzer was born to a wealthy family of Magyar-Jewish origin in Mako, Hungary on April 10, 1847. The elder Pulitzer (a grain merchant) retired in Budapest and Joseph grew up and was educated there in private schools and by tutors.
From The official Pulitzer website https://www.pulitzer.org/page/biography-joseph-pulitzer:
He was born as Pulitzer József (name order by Hungarian custom) in Makó, about 200 km south-east of Budapest in Hungary, the son of Elize (Berger) and Fülöp Pulitzer. The Pulitzers were among several Jewish families living in the area and had established a reputation as merchants and shopkeepers. Joseph’s father was a respected businessman, regarded as the second of the “foremost merchants” of Makó. Their ancestors emigrated from Moravia to Hungary at the end of the 18th century.
Learn More at PBS: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/joseph-pulitzer-voice-of-the-people-about/11267/